European Central Bank

The official exchange rates for the Euro are published by the European Central Bank (ECB), which is the Bank that administers the monetary policy within the European Union. The publication is a daily report of 30 currency values that can be accessed as a normal web page and also in xml format that is usually updated around 16:00 Central Europe Time ( CET ) on every working day.

EUR Historical Series

The ECB publishes a historical file starting from 1999.01.04 until present. This file is fully available from the application’s calendar and can be used to extract desired exchange rates month by month. Please, keep in mind that the more you go back in time, more chances that some currencies couldn’t get retrieved, just because they simply didn’t exist.

The plug-in for the ECB is included by default with foxer currency calculator, therefore making all the latest and historical euro exchange rates available to users.

Economic relevance

The European Union is the 2nd largest economy in the world, between the United States of America and China, comprising a single market across the territory of all its 28 member countries that represents 447 million citizens.

From this union, 20 eurozone members have adopted the euro (€) as their primary currency: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.

As a result, nowadays the euro is the second largest reserve currency as well as the second most traded currency in the world after the USD.

European Central Bank country coverage map

European Central Bank country coverage map



Currency Calculator

Summary table

Base currencyEUR
UpdatedMonday to Friday
PublicationSame day
Time16:00 CET (UTC+1)
Historical SeriesSince 1999.01.04

Facts and figures

  • Countries: 20 / 28
  • Population: 342M / 447M
  • GDP: 12,933 / 15,193 ( USD Billion )
  • GDP per capita: $38,439 / $34,689

Eurozone / European Union

Sources: Dec/2020 & wikipedia

The European Central Bank publishes daily spot exchange rates for the following currencies:

AUD Dollar (Australia)
BGN Leva (Bulgaria)
BRL Real (Brazil)
CAD Dollar (Canada)
CHF Franc (Switzerland)
CNY Yuan (China)
CZK Koruna (Czech Republic)
DKK Krone (Denmark)
GBP Pound (United Kingdom)
HKD Dollar (Hong Kong)
HUF Forint (Hungary)
IDR Rupiah (Indonesia)
ILS Shekel (Israel)
ISK Icelandic krona
INR Rupee (India)
JPY Yen (Japan)
KRW Won (Korea  South)
MXN Peso (Mexico)
MYR Ringgit (Malaysia)
NOK Krone (Norway)
NZD Dollar (New Zealand)
PHP Peso (Philippines)
PLN Zloty (Poland)
RON Leu (Romania)
RUB Ruble (Rusia)
SEK Kronor (Sweden)
SGD Dollar (Singapore)
THB Baht (Thailand)
TRY Lira (Turkey)
USD Dollar (United States of America)
ZAR Rand (South Africa)


2022.03.02 – The ECB has suspended the publication of the Russian ruble (RUB) until further notice.

2023.01.01 – Croatia is now a member of the Eurozone and the Croatian Kuna (HRK) is considered an historical currency. The HRK is still available in the Historical Series.

Pre euro currencies

Remember that the historical currencies of all the European Union’s member countries are still available from the calculator. These currencies are pegged currencies, so they have a fixed rate against the Euro. Here is the complete list, including non EU countries which are also pegged to the Euro.

Currencies pegged to Euro

Iso Code Currency Name Symbol Ratio
ATS Schilling (Austria) S 13.7603
BAM Convertible Mark (Bosnia and Herzegovina) KM 1.95583
BEF Franc (Belgium) BF 40.3399
CYP Pound (Cyprus) £ 0.585274
DEM Deutsch Mark (Germany) DM 1.95583
EEK Kroon (Estonia) Kr 15.64664
ESP Peseta (Spain) Ptas. 166.386
FIM Markka (Finland) mk 5.94573
FRF Franc (France) F 6.55957
HRK Kuna (Croatia) Kn 7.53450
GRD Drachma (Greece) Dr 340.75
IEP Punt (Ireland) Punt 0.787564
ITL Lira (Italy) Lit 1936.27
LTL Litas (Lithuania) Litas 3.4528
LUF Franc (Luxembourg) LuxF 40.3399
LVL Lat (Latvia) Ls 0.702804
MTL Lira (Malta) £ 0.4293
NLG Guilder (Netherlands) f. 2.20371
PTE Escudo (Portugal) Esc 200.482
SIT Tolar (Slovenia) SlT 239.64
SKK Koruna (Slovakia) Sk 30.126
XAF CFA Franc (Central Africa) F. 655.957
XOF SDR (Int. Monetary Fund) F. 655.957

In the White Papers section you will find a complete list of world’s pegged currencies.

You will also find a full comparative table of all currencies per Bank in the List of currencies page.

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